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:: Volume 11, Issue 10 (December 2017) ::
Qom Univ Med Sci J 2017, 11(10): 1-12 Back to browse issues page
The Role of Serotonergic Antagonists on Learning and Orientation Memory in Stressed Rats
Raziye Bayramlou * 1, Mahdi Mahdi Mohammadzadeh 2, Farrin BabaieBabaei Balderlou 2
1- 1Department of Biology, Faculty of Basic Sciences, Urmia University, Urmia, Iran.Urumia University , rbayramloo@yahoo.com
2- 1Department of Biology, Faculty of Basic Sciences, Urmia University, Urmia, Iran.
Abstract:   (1838 Views)
Background and Objectives: Hippocampus is full of corticosteroid and serotonergic receptors, and have an important role in memory and spatial perception. In this study, the effects of fluoxetine and cyproheptadine, were investigated on learning and orientation memory in rats.
Methods: In this study, 30 male adult rats, were divided into 5 groups, including control, under immobilization stress, treatment with fluoxetine, treatment with cyproheptadine and treatment with fluoxetine+cyproheptadine. Immobilization stress was applied by limiting polyethylene. Fluoxetine 20 and cyproheptadine (4 mg/kg bw, were injected intraperitoneally for 2 weeks. At the end of the tretment period, learning and orientation memory, were evaluated using radial arm maze and cross-maze tests. After finishing behavioral tests, serum levels of corticosterone and malondialdehyde (MDA), were measured in hippocampus tissue.
Results: In this study, immobilization stress increased the time to find food and decreased frequency percentage compared to the control group. Administration of fluoxetine significantly increased the time to find food and significantly reduced frequency percentage compared to control and patient groups. Co-administration of cyproheptadine and fluoxetine prevented the effects of this drug. Also, in the stressed animals, MDA level increased compared to the control group, but corticosterone level decreased. While, administration of fluoxetine or cyproheptadine increased corticosterone level and decreased MDA level compared to the patient group.
Conclusion: The results of this study showed that immobilization stress resulted in impaired learning and orientation memory, decreased corticosterone, and increased MDA. Considering the inhibitory effects of cyproheptadine on the function of fluoxetine in impairment of learning and orientation memory, this drug probably exerts its effects through the serotonergic system.
Keywords: Fluoxetine, Cyproheptadine, Learning, Memory, Serotonin receptor agonists.
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Type of Study: Original Article | Subject: فیزیولوژی
Received: 2016/08/26 | Accepted: 2016/10/23 | Published: 2017/12/17
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Bayramlou R, Mahdi Mohammadzadeh M, babaieBabaei Balderlou F. The Role of Serotonergic Antagonists on Learning and Orientation Memory in Stressed Rats . Qom Univ Med Sci J. 2017; 11 (10) :1-12
URL: http://journal.muq.ac.ir/article-1-1127-en.html

Volume 11, Issue 10 (December 2017) Back to browse issues page
مجله دانشگاه علوم پزشکی قم Qom University of Medical Sciences Journal
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