|1- Department of Oral & Maxillofacial Diseases, Alborz University of Medical Sciences, Karaj, Iran
2- student Faculty of Dentistry, Qom University of Medical Sciences, Qom, Iran , firstname.lastname@example.org
3- Faculty of Dentistry, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
4- student Faculty of Paramedical Sciences, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences,Tehran, Iran.
Backgroung and Objectives: Edentulism is a common phenomenon among the elderly, which its prevalence is one of the community health indicators. Edentulism leads to gastrointestinal diseases, esthetic defects, and reduction of social and psychological abilities. The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of edentulism among patients aged 35 years and over who referred to the selected dental clinics of Qom city.
Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 394 patients (aged 35 years and over) referring to the selected dental clinics of Qom city, 2014, were randomly selected. Before performing oral examination for each person, demographic characteristics, including age, sex, job, marital status, and economic status, as well as history of smoking, xerostomia, systemic diseases, oral hygiene, and causes for edentulism, were recorded in a questionnaire. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and chi-square test. The level of significance was set at p<0.05.
Results: The prevalence of edentulism was 23.9%, which had a significant relationship with gender, and was higher in male gender. The results of independent t-test showed that the mean age was higher in edentulous subjects and was higher (56.6). The most cause of tooth loss (75%) was tooth decay. Among edentulous individuals, 84% were under diploma and 52.6% had moderate economic status. Also, 71.9% of them were brushing rarely.
Conclusion: According to the results, the prevalence of edentulism in Qom was high. Also, there was a significant relationship between edentulism and education level, smoking, caries, periodontal disease, economic status, occupation, xerostomia, oral hygiene, and systemic diseases.