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:: Volume 10, Number 11 (January 2017) ::
Qom Univ Med Sci J 2017, 10(11): 79-84 Back to browse issues page
An Investigation of the Frequency of Staphylococcus aureus Nasal Carriers and its Antibiotic Susceptibility Pattern in the Staff of Different Wards of Qom Hazrat Masumeh Hospital, 2015, Iran
Javad Tafaroji1, Mohammad Aghaali2, Hosein Heydari *3
1- Pediatric Department, Qom University of Medical sciences, Qom, Iran.
2- Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.hran, Iran.
3- Pediatric Department, Qom University of Medical sciences, Qom, Iran. , dr.aghaali@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (501 Views)

Background and Objectives: Nosocomial infections are associated with complications, mortality, and imposing high costs. Staphylococcus aureus is the most common strain causing nosocomial infections. Colonization of this microorganism in the nose is also a source of spread of nosocomial infection. In this study, the prevalence of nasal carriers of this bacterium, was investigated among the staff of Hazrate Masoumeh Hospital.

Methods: This analytical cross-sectional study was performed on all the staff of Hazrate Masoumeh Hospital, who were in contact with patients. A nasal sample was obtained using a sterile swap. The samples were cultured in a culture medium appropriate for staphylococcus aureus, and antibiogram was performed for positive culture sample. Data were analyzed using chi-square, independent t- and ANOVA tests. The significance level was considered to be p<0.05.

Results: Of 90 subjects (25 men and 65 women), 37 subjects were diagnosed to be Staphylococcus aureus nasal carriers. The prevalence of Staphylococcus aureus infection had no significant difference among the participant in term of demographic variables, and 89.7% of the samples were susceptible to vancomycin, 93.1% to mupirocin, 96.6% to imipenem, 89.7% to oxacillin, and 3.4% to methicillin.

Conclusion: According to the results of this study, which indicate the high prevalence of the Staphylococcus aureus nasal carriers among the hospital staff, it is possible to reduce mortality and economic costs in the hospitals through observation of hygiene practices by the personnel, who are a source of spread of nosocomial infection and through proper treatment of the diagnosed cases.

Keywords: Cross infection, Staphylococcus aureus, Disk diffusion antimicrobial tests
Full-Text [PDF 374 kb]   (394 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original Article | Subject: کودکان
Received: 2016/12/3 | Accepted: 2016/12/24 | Published: 2017/01/24
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Tafaroji J, Aghaali M, Heydari H. An Investigation of the Frequency of Staphylococcus aureus Nasal Carriers and its Antibiotic Susceptibility Pattern in the Staff of Different Wards of Qom Hazrat Masumeh Hospital, 2015, Iran. Qom Univ Med Sci J . 2017; 10 (11) :79-84
URL: http://journal.muq.ac.ir/article-1-1337-en.html
Volume 10, Number 11 (January 2017) Back to browse issues page
مجله دانشگاه علوم پزشکی قم Qom University of Medical Sciences Journal
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