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:: Volume 12, Issue 6 (August 2018) ::
Qom Univ Med Sci J 2018, 12(6): 10-19 Back to browse issues page
The Effect of a Period of Swimming Training and Chamomile Extract on Antioxidant Status in Adult Male Rats
Fereshteh Mohammad Hosseini 1 , Seyed Ali Hosseini * 2, Mozhgan Ahmadi 3
1- Department of Sport Physiology, Yasouj Branch, Islamic Azad University, Yasouj, Iran.
2- Department of Sport Physiology, Marvdasht Branch, Islamic Azad University, Marvdasht, Iran. , alihoseini_57@yahoo.com
3- Department of Physical Education, Yadegar-e-Imam Khomeini (RAH) Shahre Rey Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (221 Views)
Background and Objectives: Exercises lead to increased free radicals. However, medicinal plants can prevent oxidative stress and cellular damage through their antioxidant effect. Therefore, in this study, the antioxidant effects of swimming training and chamomile extract, was investigated in adult male rats.
 
Methods: In this experimental research, 35 Sprague-Dawley male rats, were selected and divided into 5 groups of 7 rats, including (1) control, (2) swimming training, (3) chamomile extract, (4) swimming training and chamomile extract, and (5) sham groups. Groups 2 and 4 performed forced swimming for 8 weeks (three 60-minute sessions per week), and groups 3 and 4 peritoneally received chamomile extract (200mg/kg) for 8 weeks. Serum levels of the variables, were evaluated using spectrophotometric method. Statistical analysis of data, was performed using Kolmogorov–Smirnov, one-way ANOVA, and Tukey post hoc tests (p≤0.05).
 
Results: In this study, swimming training, chamomile consumption, and swimming training with chamomile consumption have a significant effect on the increase of total antioxidant capacity in the rats (p=0.001). Moreover, chamomile consumption (p=0.004), swimming training (p=0.001), and swimming training with chamomile consumption (p=0.001) had a significant effect on decreased levels of malondialdehyde in rats, and consumption of chamomile (p=0.04), swimming training (p=0.01), and swimming training with chamomile consumption (p=0.03) had significant effect on increase in glutathione level in rats.
 
Conclusion: According to the findings, it seems that swimming training, chamomile consumption, and their combination, can be used to improve the antioxidant status.
 
 
Keywords: Swimming, Chamomile, Antioxidants.
Full-Text [PDF 710 kb]   (76 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original Article | Subject: فیزیولوژی ورزشی
Received: 2017/08/7 | Accepted: 2017/10/3
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Mohammad Hosseini F, Hosseini S A, Ahmadi M. The Effect of a Period of Swimming Training and Chamomile Extract on Antioxidant Status in Adult Male Rats. Qom Univ Med Sci J . 2018; 12 (6) :10-19
URL: http://journal.muq.ac.ir/article-1-1775-en.html


Volume 12, Issue 6 (August 2018) Back to browse issues page
مجله دانشگاه علوم پزشکی قم Qom University of Medical Sciences Journal
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