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:: Volume 10, Issue 10 (December 2017) ::
Qom Univ Med Sci J 2017, 10(10): 7-16 Back to browse issues page
An Investigation of Immunogenicity of Chitosan-Based Botulinum Neurotoxin E Binding Domain Recombinant Candidate Vaccine via Mucosal Route
Mohammad Javad Bagheripour 1, Firouz Ebrahim *2, Abbas Hajizadeh 1, Shahram Nazarian 1, Jamil Zargan 1, Jamal Rashidiani 3
1- Imam Hossein University
2- Imam Hossein University , febrhimi@ihu.ac.ir
3- Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences
Abstract:   (652 Views)

Background and Objectives: Botulism syndrome is caused by serotypes A-G of neurotoxins of Clostridium genus. Neurotoxin binding domain is an appropriate vaccine candidate due to its immunogenic activity. In this study, the immunogenicity of chitosan-based botulinum neurotoxin E binding domain recombinant candidate vaccine was investigated via mucosal route of administration.

Methods: In this experimental study, chitosan nanoparticles containing rBoNT/E protein were synthesized by ionic gelation method and were administered orally and intranasally to mice. After each administration, IgG antibody titer was measured by ELISA method. Finally, all groups were challenged with active botulinum neurotoxin type E. Data were analyzed using Duncan and repeated ANOVA tests. The significance level was considered as p<0.05.

Results: After each administration, IgG antibody titre was increased in all the test groups (except the control group). According to the results of challenge with active botulinum neurotoxin type E, the mice immunized orally and intranasally by nanoparticles containing the antigen and also the mice that only received the antigen orally, could tolerate 500 folds of LD50. The group immunized intranasally with only antigen tolerated 2000 folds of LD50.

Conclusion: The results of this research showed that use of chitosan nanoparticles has no significant increase in the immunogenicity of recombinant botulinum neurotoxin antigen in oral and intranasal routes (p>0.05), even intranasal route reduced the immunogenicity.

Keywords: Chitosan, Nanoparticles, Vaccines, Ionic gelation, Botulism
Full-Text [PDF 540 kb]   (473 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original Article | Subject: ایمونولوژی
Received: 2016/02/23 | Accepted: 2016/02/24 | Published: 2016/12/25
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Bagheripour M J, Ebrahim F, Hajizadeh A, Nazarian S, Zargan J, Rashidiani J. An Investigation of Immunogenicity of Chitosan-Based Botulinum Neurotoxin E Binding Domain Recombinant Candidate Vaccine via Mucosal Route. Qom Univ Med Sci J . 2017; 10 (10) :7-16
URL: http://journal.muq.ac.ir/article-1-323-en.html
Volume 10, Issue 10 (December 2017) Back to browse issues page
مجله دانشگاه علوم پزشکی قم Qom University of Medical Sciences Journal
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