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Qom Univ Med Sci J 2010, 4(2): 26-32 Back to browse issues page
The Effects of Exercise on Judoists’ Circulating Blood Neutrophils
A Zar1, F Karimi *2, F Hovanloo3, A Ansian3, P Piraki4
1- Shahid Beheshti University
2- Shahid Beheshti Medical University , fkarimi@sbmu.ac.ir
3- Shahid Beheshti Medical University
4- Islamic Azad University, Dareh Shahr Branch
Abstract:   (2864 Views)

Background and Objectives: Type, intensity and duration of exercises exert pivotal effects on athletes’ immune system and probably athletes’ susceptibility to upper respiratory tract infections. In this study we examined the effects of one session of moderate-intensity exercise on male judoists’ circulating blood neutrophil counts (BNC) and respiratory burst, and self-reported upper respiratory clinical infections 24 hours after the exercise and during the sport seasons.

Methods: Ten male judoists after obtaining informed consent were included in the study. The athletes took part in a session of moderate-intensity exercise (60 minutes running on a treadmill) at 60% of maximum heart rate. Blood samples were drawn at rest immediately after the exercise. Blood neutrophil count and percentage of Phorbol Myristate Acetate (PMA) stimulated neutrophils in whole blood were assessed [as a marker of oxidative burst (OB) quality]. Athletes were asked about any signs of upper respiratory infections 24 hours after the exercise and during sport seasons. Paired-t test was used for statistical analysis and statistical significance was set at p<0.05.

Results: BNC were in normal range at rest, and meaningfully increased immediately after the exercise (p<0.05). At rest, the OB activity was in normal range, and increased immediately after the exercise (not significant). During 24 hours after the exercise, athletes showed no signs of upper respiratory system infections. Also they mentioned no history of increased susceptibility of upper respiratory infections during sport seasons.

Conclusion: Continuous judo exercises have no negative effects on BNC and OB activity. This finding is in accordance with the absence of self-reported upper respiratory infections in judoists during sport seasons. Significant increase in BNC after a session of exercise was a predictable event as a normal response of immune system to exercise stress. Normal OB activity after the exercise was in accordance with the absence of any signs of upper respiratory infections in athletes during 24 hours after the exercise.

Keywords: Sports, Exercise, Immune System, Recovery, Active, Recovery, Passive, Neutrophils, Respiratory Burst, Athletes, Judoists, Exercise, Moderate-Intensity
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Type of Study: Original Article |
Received: 2016/04/6 | Accepted: 2016/04/6 | Published: 2016/04/6
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Zar A, Karimi F, Hovanloo F, Ansian A, Piraki P. The Effects of Exercise on Judoists’ Circulating Blood Neutrophils. Qom Univ Med Sci J. 2010; 4 (2) :26-32
URL: http://journal.muq.ac.ir/article-1-593-en.html

Volume 4, Issue 2 (6-2010) Back to browse issues page
مجله دانشگاه علوم پزشکی قم Qom University of Medical Sciences Journal
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