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:: Volume 10, Number 12 (February 2017) ::
Qom Univ Med Sci J 2017, 10(12): 35-44 Back to browse issues page
Promotion of Preventive Behaviors of Cardiovascular Diseases Using Health Belief Model in Women Referring to Health Centers in Qom, Iran
Tahereh Rahimi1, Sarallah Shojaei *2, Zahra Mousavi Miyandashti3, Zohreh Aminiani4, Zahra Khazir5
1- PhD candidate in Health Education and Promotion School of Health, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran.
2- PhD in Health Education and promotion Educational Assistant,Nekoei Therapeutic Educational Center, Qom University of Medical Sciences, Qom, Iran. , sarallahshojaei@gmail.com
3- BS in Public Health Health center, Qom University of Medical Sciences, Qom, Iran
4- PhD candidate in Health Education and Promotion Qom University of Medical Sciences
5- Bs in Nursing Yazd Branch, Islamic Azad University
Abstract:   (502 Views)

Background and Objectives: The increasing trend of non-communicable diseases, especially cardiovascular disease in Iranian women, reveals the need for preventive educational interventions. This study aimed to promote preventive behaviors of cardiovascular diseases using Health Belief Model in women referring to health centers in Qom city.

Methods: In this intervention, 80 women referred to health centers in Qom city, were assigned to two groups of experimental and control. Sampling was performed using cluster sampling method. The intervention consisted of 6 training sessions in the experimental group. Data were collected using a researcher-made questionnaire before and 3 months after the intervention. Data analysis was carried out using independent and paired t-tests.

Results: The mean age of the participants was 26.91±6.90. Three months after the education intervention, the mean score of knowledge, perceived susceptibility, perceived severity, self-efficacy, cues to action and preventive behaviors of cardiovascular disease showed a significant increase in the experimental group compared to the control group (p<0.05). Also, the mean score of perceived barriers significantly decreased in the experimental group compared to the control group (p<0.01).

Conclusion: Educational interventions play an important role in the promotion of preventive behaviors of cardiovascular disease in women and can help to reduce the incidence of disease.

Keywords: Cardiovascular diseases, Educational Model, Women’s Health Services
Full-Text [PDF 515 kb]   (374 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original Article | Subject: آموزش بهداشت
Received: 2016/05/6 | Accepted: 2016/11/9 | Published: 2017/02/21
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Rahimi T, Shojaei S, Mousavi Miyandashti Z, Aminiani Z, Khazir Z. Promotion of Preventive Behaviors of Cardiovascular Diseases Using Health Belief Model in Women Referring to Health Centers in Qom, Iran. Qom Univ Med Sci J . 2017; 10 (12) :35-44
URL: http://journal.muq.ac.ir/article-1-811-en.html
Volume 10, Number 12 (February 2017) Back to browse issues page
مجله دانشگاه علوم پزشکی قم Qom University of Medical Sciences Journal
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