:: Volume 12, Issue 3 (May 2018) ::
Qom Univ Med Sci J 2018, 12(3): 56-65 Back to browse issues page
Investigation of the Efficacy of Health Belief Model Constructs in the Prediction of Preventive Nutritional Behaviors of Stomach Cancer
Tahereh Dehdari * 1, Laleh Dehdari 2 , Shima Jazayeri 3
1- Department of Health Education & Health Promotion, Faculty of Health, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. , dehdarit@yahoo.com
2- University of Yazd
3- Department of Nutrition, Faculty of Health, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
Abstract:   (285 Views)
Background and Objectives: Given the prevalence of stomach cancer, the role of behavior in the prevention of this cancer and efficacy of Health Belief Model (HBM) constructs in the prediction of wide range of health-related behaviors, the present study was performed to determine the efficacy of HBM constructs in the prediction of  preventive nutritional behaviors of stomach cancer among female students residing in dormitories of Yazd University.
 
Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 124 female students residing in dormitories of Yazd University, were selected through available sampling (non-random) method. Data were collected by a researcher-made questionnaire and analyzed by Pearson's correlation coefficient, one-way ANOVA, t-test, and multiple linear regression.
 
Results: The mean age of the students was 25.39±2.91 years. Ninety-five percent of participants reported many barriers for adopting preventive behaviors and only 1% performed the preventive behaviors at the desirable level. The results showed that perceived barriers variable could explain 13% of students’ nutrition behavior for  prevention  of stomach cancer (r2=13%, f=7.45, p<0.001).
 
Conclusion: The result of this study showed that perceived barriers construct is the only predictor variable of nutrition behaviors in the prevention of stomach cancer. Therefore, conducting intervention programs is necessary to reduce perceived barriers for the prevention of stomach cancer.
 
 
Keywords: Stomach neoplasms, Nutrition behaviors, Stomach neoplasms-prevention & control, Health belief model, Students, Yazd, Iran.
Full-Text [PDF 526 kb]   (72 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original Article | Subject: آموزش بهداشت
Received: 2017/05/16 | Accepted: 2017/07/9 | Published: 2018/05/17


XML   Persian Abstract   Print



Volume 12, Issue 3 (May 2018) Back to browse issues page