:: Volume 14, Issue 2 (April 2020) ::
Qom Univ Med Sci J 2020, 14(2): 47-54 Back to browse issues page
The Relationship between Low Carbohydrate Diet Score and Mental Health in Overweight and Obese Women
Habib Yarizadeh 1, Leila Setayesh2 , Moein Askarpour2 , Seyed Ali Keshavarz3 , Khadijeh Mirzaei2
1- Department of Community Nutrition, School of Nutritional Sciences and Dietetics, Tehran University of Medical Sciences (TUMS), Tehran , habib.yari@yahoo.com
2- Department of Community Nutrition, School of Nutritional Sciences and Dietetics, Tehran University of Medical Sciences (TUMS), Tehran
3- Department of Clinical Nutrition, School of Nutritional Sciences and Dietetics, Tehran University of Medical Sciences
Abstract:   (814 Views)
Background and Objectives: There is a bilateral relationship between mental health and overweight and obesity. In various studies, the association between dietary carbohydrate and mental health, have been controversially reported. Therefore, for the first time, we investigated the association between low carbohydrate diet score (LCDS) and mental health in overweight and obese women.
 
Methods: In this cross-sectional study, a total of 360 obese and overweight women aged between 18 and 50 years, who were resident in Tehran city, were selected. A 47-item semi-quantitative Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ), was used to collect the dietary intake over the past year. LCDS was also calculated for all individuals. The psychiatric health statue was evaluated using a 21-item Depression Anxiety Stress Scales (DASS) questionnaire. ANOVA and linear regression, were used to analyze the data.
 
Results: The results of the present study, showed that anxiety (p = 0.03), stress (p = 0.03), and depression (p= 0.02) had a significant inverse relationship with LCDS after adjusting for confounders (age, body mass index, physical activity, and total energy intake).
 
Conclusion: The current study revealed that lower amount of carbohydrate in diet is associated with mental health (anxiety, stress, and depression). Prospective studies are required to confirm these findings.
 
Keywords: Diet, Carbohydrate-Restricted, Mental Health, Obesity, Overweight.
Full-Text [PDF 718 kb]   (139 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original Article | Subject: تغذیه
Received: 2019/12/14 | Accepted: 2020/05/31



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Volume 14, Issue 2 (April 2020) Back to browse issues page