:: Volume 14, Issue 2 (April 2020) ::
Qom Univ Med Sci J 2020, 14(2): 55-66 Back to browse issues page
Assessment of adherence to self-care behaviors in hypertensive patients in Qom
Amin Arabshahi1 , Zabihollah Gharlipour1 , Seyed Abbas Hosseinalipour1 , Siamak Mohebi 2
1- Qom University of Medical Sciences
2- Qom University of Medical Sciences , mohebisiamak@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (953 Views)
Background & objective: Adherence to self-care behaviors are effective factors in controlling and preventing chronic disease complications such as hypertension, therefore, the study was conducted to determine adherence to self-care behaviors in hypertensive patients in Qom.
Methods: This study was a cross-sectional (descriptive-analytical) study that was performed on 243 patients with primary hypertension referred to urban community health centers, using available sampling method in Qom in 1398. Data were collected using a demographic questionnaire, a self-care behaviors questionnaire and a checklist to assess and record systolic and diastolic blood pressure and standard blood pressure gauge. Data were analyzed by SPSS 20 software using independent t-test, chi-square, one- way ANOVA and Pearson correlation coefficient.
Results: The results show that 56.8% of men and 83.7% of women adhere to the drug regimen. Findings showed that 23.7% of men and 27.9% of women adhered to low salt diet. The results also showed a significant inverse relationship between adherence to the low-salt diet and weight management with mean systolic and diastolic blood pressure (p>0/05).
Conclusions: The findings of the study show that about two-thirds of patients adhere to drug and physical activity regimes, respectively, while adherence to the low-salt diet in one quarter of patients still needs improvement. The findings also showed that self-care behaviors (medication, low salt diet, weight management) can decrease systolic and diastolic blood pressure in patients.

 
Keywords: Self-care, Hypertension, Physical Activity, Medication adherence.
Full-Text [PDF 1110 kb]   (251 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original Article | Subject: آموزش بهداشت
Received: 2020/04/4 | Accepted: 2020/05/10



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Volume 14, Issue 2 (April 2020) Back to browse issues page