:: Volume 11, Issue 12 (February 2018) ::
Qom Univ Med Sci J 2018, 11(12): 43-51 Back to browse issues page
The Correlation between Attachment Styles and Defense Mechanisms with Mental Health in Diabetic Patients
Zahara Simi 1, Mohsen Makhlough 2, Khadijeh Jamali 3, Neda Ghasemi 4
1- 1Department of Counseling, Faculty of Psychology, Allameh Tabataba’i University, Tehran, Iran
2- Department of Psychology, Faculty of Humanities, Arak Branch, Islamic Azad University, Arak, Iran. , PsychoRavan@yahoo.com
3- Department of Psychology, Faculty of Psychology & Educational Sciences, Rasht Branch, Islamic Azad University, Rasht, Iran
4- Department of psychology, Faculty of Psychology, Payame Noor University, Kazeroon, Iran.
Abstract:   (565 Views)
Background and Objectives: Mental health in diabetic patients is affected by psychological and social factors. Attachment styles and defensive mechanisms are also important due to their fundamental role in management of challenges and various personal and interpersonal issues. This study aimed to investigate the correlation between attachment styles and defense mechanisms with mental health in diabetic patients.
 
Method: This research was a descriptive-correlational (analytical) study. The statistical population included all type I diabetic patients (age, 30-55 years), who referred to Endocrinology and Metabolism Research Center of Bushehr City (2013-2014). Using available sampling, 100 individuals were selected as statistical sample. The data collection tools included DASS-21 questionnaire, defense mechanisms of Andrews et al., Adult Attachment Styles questionnaire, and demographic information form. Data were analyzed using correlation coefficient and stepwise regression analysis.
 
Results: There was a significant negative correlation between avoidant and ambivalent attachment style and mental health in diabetic patients (p<0.001). There was also a significant positive correlation between secure attachment style and mental health among diabetic patients (p<0.001). There was a significant positive correlation between mature defense mechanism and mental health in diabetic patients (p<0.001). There was also a significant negative correlation between immature defense mechanism and Neuroticism with mental health in diabetic patients (p<0.001).
 
Conclusion: Diabetic individuals who use safe attachment styles and mature defense mechanisms have a better mental health.
 
 
 
Keywords: attachment styles, Psychology, Mental health, Diabetes mellitus type 1.
Full-Text [PDF 606 kb]   (259 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original Article | Subject: روانشناسی
Received: 2016/05/14 | Accepted: 2016/12/13 | Published: 2018/02/21


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Volume 11, Issue 12 (February 2018) Back to browse issues page