[Home ] [Archive]   [ فارسی ]  
:: ::
:: Volume 14, Issue 11 (January 2021) ::
Qom Univ Med Sci J 2021, 14(11): 48-60 Back to browse issues page
Comparison of the Effectiveness of Acceptance and Commitment Therapy and Logotherapy on the Psychological Well-being and Death Anxiety of Women with AIDS
Hadi Akbarinejhad 1, Pariya Faroughi2
1- Department of Psychology, University College of Nabi Akram, Tabriz, Iran , hadiakbarinejhad@yahoo.com
2- Department of Psychology, University College of Nabi Akram, Tabriz, Iran
Abstract:   (1902 Views)
Background and Objectives: In addition to addressing the physical problems of patients with AIDS, special attention should be paid to their psychological problems, and one of the best ways is to use psychological interventions. This study aimed to compare the efficacy of acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) and logotherapy (LT) on psychological well-being and death anxiety in patients with AIDS.
Methods: This semi-experimental study was performed based on a pre-test, post-test, and follow-up design with a control group. The study population consisted of all women with AIDS in Tabriz who referred to medical clinics in Tabriz in 2019. In total, 30 women were selected using the purposive sampling method who were randomly divided into three groups. Members of both experimental groups received their treatment in eight 1.5-h sessions. The findings were analyzed through repeated measures ANOVA and Bonferroni post-hoc test.
Results: In the pre-test stage, the mean values of psychological well-being and death anxiety of the ACT group were 45.8±6.6 and 10.1±2.2, respectively. Furthermore, in the LT group, the mean values of psychological well-being and death anxiety were 44.0±5.1 and 9.9±2.2, respectively. Moreover, in the control group, the mean values of psychological well-being and death anxiety were 43.3±6.4 and 10.2±2.3, respectively. Based on the results, in the post-test stage, the ACT and LT increased the psychological well-being and reduced the death anxiety in AIDS patients, compared to the control group (P<0.001). In the follow-up phase, the effects of ACT and LT on psychological well-being and death anxiety persisted (P<0.001). The results also showed that the effects of ACT and LT on psychological well-being and death anxiety during the post-test and follow-up stages were not different (P>0.05).
Conclusion: The ACT and LT are likely to lead the AIDS patients to the acceptance of the disease and conscious exposure to the death anxiety. Therefore, it can help them to better cope with the disease and also increased their psychological well-being.
Keywords: Acceptance and commitment therapy, Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome, Anxiety, Death, Logotherapy, Psychological well-being, Women.
Full-Text [PDF 673 kb]   (747 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original Article | Subject: روانشناسی
Received: 2020/12/9 | Accepted: 2021/02/13 | Published: 2021/01/29
1. 1. Munier CM, Andersen CR, Kelleher AD. HIV vaccines: progress to date. Drugs 2011;71(4):387-414. DOI: 10.2165/11585400-000000000-00000
2. World Health Organization. Findings from the global burden of disease study 2017. Geneva: World Health Organization; 2018. Link
3. Ghodrati S, Habibi AM, Sadeghi FV, Ebrahim BF, Shahabi NZ. Quality of life, everyday functioning, and prospective memory impairments in patients infected with HIV. Res Psychol Health 2016;10(3):58-69. )In Persian( Link
4. Srivastava A, Wani MA. Psychological well-being in HIV/AIDS positive and negative. Int J Indian Psychol 2015;3:35-41. DOI: 10.25215/0301.504
5. Naranjo AB. Quality of life in HIV positive-patient. J Assoc Nurses AIDS Care 2004;15(5):20S-7S. DOI: 10.1177/1055329004269183 [DOI:10.1177/1055329004269183]
6. Weiss LA, Westerhof GJ, Bohlmeijer ET. Can we increase psychological well-being? The effects of interventions on psychological well-being: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. Plos One 2016;11(6):e0158092. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0158092 [DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0158092]
7. Ryff CD. Articolo target. Psychological well-being and health: past, present and future. Psicol Della Salute 2016;20:7-26. DOI: 10.3280/PDS2016-001002 [DOI:10.3280/PDS2016-001002]
8. Venes D, Taber CW. Taber's cyclopedic medical dictionary. 23th ed. Philadelphia: F.A. Davis Company; 2017. P. 55-6. Link
9. Degi CL. Non-disclosure of cancer diagnosis: an examination of personal, medical and psychosocial factors. Support Care Cancer 2009;17(8):1101-7. DOI: 10.1007/s00520-008-0568-0 [DOI:10.1007/s00520-008-0568-0]
10. Mirzaeidoostan Z, Zargar Y, Zandi Payam A. The effectiveness of acceptance and commitment therapy on death anxiety and mental health in women with HIV in Abadan city, Iran. Iran J Psychiatry Clin Psychol 2019;25(1):2-13. (In Persian) DOI: 10.32598/ijpcp.25.1.2 [DOI:10.32598/ijpcp.25.1.2]
11. Burckhardt R, Manicavasagar V, Batterham PJ, Hadzi-Pavlovic D. A randomized controlled trial of strong minds: a school-based mental health program combining acceptance and commitment therapy and positive psychology. J Sch Psychol 2016;57:41-52. DOI: 10.1016/j.jsp.2016.05.008 [DOI:10.1016/j.jsp.2016.05.008]
12. Faezipour M, Ghanbaripanah A, Seyedalinaghi S, Hajiabdolbaghi M, Voltarelli F. Effectiveness of acceptance and commitment therapy on reducing depression among people living with HIV/AIDS. J Int Translat Med 2018;6(3):125-9. DOI: 10.11910/2227-6394.2018.06.03.04
13. Sri Suyanti T, Anna Keliat B, Catharina Daulima NH. Effect of logo-therapy, acceptance, commitment therapy, family psychoeducation on self-stigma, and depression on housewives living with HIV/AIDS. Enferm Clin 2018;28(Suppl 1):98-101. DOI: 10.1016/S1130-8621(18)30046-9 [DOI:10.1016/S1130-8621(18)30046-9]
14. Rodriguez T. The role of acceptance & mindfulness in people living with HIV/AIDS: a meta-analysis. [Doctoral Dissertation]. Ohio: Bowling Green State University; 2014. Link
15. Frankel VE. Man search for meaning. Trans: Salehian N, Milani M. 56th ed. Tehran: Rasa; 2019. P. 23-4. (In Persian) Link
16. Norcross JC, Prochaska JO. A study of eclectic (and integrative) views revisited. Trans: Yahya SM. 56th ed. Tehran: Ravan; 2016. P. 219-20. (In Persian) Link
17. Naderi Baldaji S, Ahmadi Dastgerdi S, Bakhshi SH, Saedi N. The effect of group counseling with a Logotherapy approach on reducing Anxious thoughts in female patients with AIDS. Second Conference on Science and Technology of Psychology, Educational Sciences and Sociology of Iran, Tehran, Iran; 2019. (In Persian) Link
18. Kamae A, Weisani M, Sadatizadeh S. Logo therapy effect on life expectancy & suicidal thoughts among women with AIDS, community of values revival. Indian J Fundam Appl Life Sci 2014;4(S3):1309-16. Link
19. Borjali M, Abbasi M, Asadian A, Ayadi N. Effectiveness of group logo therapy on the anxiety of death and life expectancy of patients with stomach cancer. Jundishapur Sci Med J 2017;15(6):464-635. (In Persian) Link
20. Pirkhaefi A, Salehi F. Effectiveness of group logotherapy on promotion mental health of women with breast cancer. Quart J Health Psychol 2013;2(8):61-9. (In Persian) Link
21. Javadian SN, Emami T. The comparison of the effect of the number of aerobic and yoga sessions on physical self-description components of female university students. Dev Motor Learn 2009;2:127-45. (In Persian) Link
22. Bayani AA, Mohammad Koochekya A, Bayani A. Reliability and validity of Ryff's psychological well-being scales. Iran J Psychiatry Clin Psychol 2008;14(2):146-51. (In Persian) Link
23. Rajabi GR, Bohrani M. Item factor analysis of the death anxiety scale. J Psychol 2002;5(4):331-44. (In Persian) Link
24. Saggino A, Kline P. Item factor analysis of the Italian version of the Death Anxiety Scale. J Clin Psychol 1996;52(3):329-33. DOI: 10.1002/(SICI)1097-4679(199605)52:3<329::AID-JCLP11>3.0.CO;2-K https://doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1097-4679(199605)52:3<329::AID-JCLP11>3.0.CO;2-K [DOI:10.1002/(SICI)1097-4679(199605)52:33.0.CO;2-K]
25. Andreason A. Logo therapy and spirituality, a course in Victor Frankls Logotherapy. Available at: URL: www.workshaper.org.uk; 2007. Link
26. Emanuel AS, Updegraff JA, Kalmbach DA, Ciesla JA. The role of mindfulness facets in affective forecasting. Pers Ind Differ 2010;49(7):815-8. DOI: 10.1016/j.paid.2010.06.012 [DOI:10.1016/j.paid.2010.06.012]
27. Williams M, Penman D. Mindfulness: a practical guide to finding peace in a frantic world. London: Hachette UK; 201. P. 45-6. Link
28. Hayes SC. Acceptance and commitment therapy: towards a unified model of behavior change. World Psychiatry 2019;18(2):226-7. DOI: 10.1177/0011000012460836 [DOI:10.1177/0011000012460836]
29. Mardani M, Ghafari Z. The Effectiveness of logotherapy on quality of life among MS patients in Shahrekord. J Ilam Univ Med Sci 2015;23(5):47-56. (In Persian) Link
30. Hajiazizi AH, Bahmani B, Mahdi N, Manzari Tavakoli V, Barshan A. Effectiveness of group logotherapy on death anxiety and life expectancy of the elderly living in boarding houses in Kerman. Iran J Ageing 2017;12(2):220-31. (In Persian) DOI: 10.21859/sija-1202220 [DOI:10.21859/sija-1202220]
Send email to the article author

Add your comments about this article
Your username or Email:


XML   Persian Abstract   Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Akbarinejhad H, Faroughi P. Comparison of the Effectiveness of Acceptance and Commitment Therapy and Logotherapy on the Psychological Well-being and Death Anxiety of Women with AIDS. Qom Univ Med Sci J 2021; 14 (11) :48-60
URL: http://journal.muq.ac.ir/article-1-3003-en.html

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Volume 14, Issue 11 (January 2021) Back to browse issues page
مجله دانشگاه علوم پزشکی قم Qom University of Medical Sciences Journal
Persian site map - English site map - Created in 0.08 seconds with 30 queries by YEKTAWEB 4547