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1- Shahid Beheshti School of Nursing and Midwifery
2- Bank Melli School of Nursing
3- Allameh Tabatabai University
4- School of Nursing ,
Abstract:   (1575 Views)
Introduction: In pandemic crisis, self-care behaviors can be effective in preventing and controlling the disease and improving the quality of life of patients with Covid-19. Therefore, the aim of this study was to determine the relationship between self-care behaviors and quality of life in patients with Covid-19.

Material and methods: This descriptive correlation study was performed in 2020 on 87 patients with Covid-19 who were randomly selected. Data were collected using demographic information, self-care behaviors questionnaire and short form 12 item (version 2) health survey and sent to the samples via WhatsApp. Data were analyzed using independent t-test, one-way analysis of variance and Pearson correlation in SPSS 22 software.

Results: Based on the results, the mean and standard deviation of the self-care behavior score and total quality of life were 151.7± 18.1 (with maximum and minimum of 1.1-188.1) and 28.05±4.8 (with maximum and minimum of 17-38), respectively, which indicates the optimal level of self-care behavior and the moderate quality of life of patients. There was a significant relationship between self-care behaviors with age, occupation, income adequacy and history of underlying disease and also between quality of life with age and income adequacy (P <0.05). There was also a significant positive correlation between self-care behaviors and physical dimension of quality of life (P <0.05, r = 0.384).
Conclusion: Considering the significant relationship between self-care behaviors and quality of life of patients with Covid-19, it is recommended that educational programs be designed to promote self-care behaviors of patients with Covid-19 and be on the nurses' agenda.
Type of Study: Original Article | Subject: عفونی
Received: 2021/11/2 | Accepted: 2021/11/8 | Published: 2021/12/1

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