Volume 12, Issue 4 (June 2018)                   Qom Univ Med Sci J 2018, 12(4): 31-41 | Back to browse issues page

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Ghodrati Mirkouhi M, Hadadi S, Akbari-Kamrani M. Correlation between Self-Efficacy with Sleep Quality and Sexual Function Index in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes . Qom Univ Med Sci J 2018; 12 (4) :31-41
URL: http://journal.muq.ac.ir/article-1-1332-en.html
1- Department of Psychology, Faculty of Educational Scineces & Psychology, Payame Noor University, Tehran, Iran.
2- Department of Psychology, Qazvin Branch, Islamic Azad University, Qazvin, Iran
3- Department of Midwifery, Faculty of Nursing & Midwifery, Alborz University of Medical Sciences, Karaj, Iran.
Abstract:   (6259 Views)
Background and Objectives: Diabetes mellitus is a chronic disease that is associated with sleep problems and sexual disorders. Among them, self-efficacy is an important indicator for adaptation to disease in diabetic patients, which helps them to discover and use their maximum ability for disease management. This study was conducted with the aim of determining the correlation between self-efficacy with sleep quality and incidence of sexual dysfunction in patients with type 2 diabetes.
Methods: In this descriptive-correlational study, 200 patients with type 2 diabetes, were selected using purposeful sampling method from Shahid Bahonar and Rajaei Hospitals of Karaj city. The data were collected by a demographic characteristics questionnaire, the Diabetes Management Self-Efficacy Scale (DMSES), Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), the Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI), and the Male Sexual Function Index (MSFI). The data were analyzed using Pearson correlation coefficient.
Results: In this study, a positive significant correlation was observed between self-efficacy and erectile function (p<0.002); correlation coefficient of the self-efficacy predictor variable was 0.31, and there was a significant correlation between self-efficacy and female sexual function (p<0.001); correlation coefficient of self-efficacy predictor variable was obtained 0.33. There was also a negative correlation between self-efficacy and sleep quality (p<0.003); correlation coefficient of the self-efficacy predictor variable and sleep quality was -0.21, meaning that with one unit increase of  sleep quality disturbance, self-efficacy decreases 0.2.
Conclusion: Based on the results of this study, sexual dysfunction and sleep disturbances are common in patients with type 2 diabetes, which negatively affect their quality of life. Therefore, paying attention to self-efficacy in health counseling for type 2 diabetic patients, can play an important role in their sexual function and sleep quality.
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Type of Study: Original Article | Subject: روانشناسی
Received: 2016/12/1 | Accepted: 2017/01/31 | Published: 2018/06/15

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