Volume 14, Issue 5 (July 2020)                   Qom Univ Med Sci J 2020, 14(5): 38-48 | Back to browse issues page


XML Persian Abstract Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Taheri S S, Nazemi Salman B, Malekpour M R, Fazeli F. Periodontal Status of Women Referring to Health Centers for Premarital Tests Using the Modified CPI in Zanjan in 2019 (Iran). Qom Univ Med Sci J 2020; 14 (5) :38-48
URL: http://journal.muq.ac.ir/article-1-2779-en.html
1- Student Research Committee, Department of Biostatistics, Faculty of Allied Medical Sciences, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
2- Department of Pedodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, Zanjan University of Medical Sciences, Zanjan, Iran , dr.b.nazemi@gmail.com
3- Faculty of Dentistry, Zanjan University of Medical Sciences, Zanjan, Iran
4- Department of Periodontology, Faculty of Dentistry, Zanjan University of Medical Sciences, Zanjan, Iran
Abstract:   (2960 Views)
Background and Objectives: Periodontal disease is one of the most common oral health problems that can be prevented by health education and early diagnosis. In this regard, the present study aimed to evaluate the periodontal status in women on the verge of marriage using the modified Community Periodontal Index (CPI) in 2019 in Zanjan.
 
Methods: This descriptive cross-sectional study was performed on 201 women on the verge of marriage in Zanjan. The required data were collected through questionnaires and the clinical examination of participants. Finally, the results were analyzed using the Kruskal-Wallis and Chi-square tests.
 
Results: Based on the results, 6% of the subjects had a pocket depth of more than 3 mm, 28% of them had bleeding on probing (BOP), and 15% of them had attachment loss. Moreover, it was found that there was a significant relationship between the occupation of the participants and the pocket depth of upper and lower jaws teeth (P=0.005, P=0.019). Furthermore, BOP had a significant relationship with the occupation (P=0.02, P=0.019), level of education (P<0.001), smoking (P<0.001), alcohol use (P<0.001), and frequency of brushing (P<0.001). In addition, attachment loss had a significant relationship with smoking (P<0.001) and alcohol consumption (P<0.001).
 
Conclusion: According to the findings, it can be concluded that the reduction of smoking and alcohol consumption and increase of the awareness of women regarding dental care can help improve their CPI. Therefore, oral health education and increase of awareness seem to be a necessity in this regard.
 
Full-Text [PDF 1212 kb]   (656 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original Article | Subject: دندانپزشکی
Received: 2020/04/4 | Accepted: 2020/07/5 | Published: 2020/07/31

References
1. Savage A, Eaton KA, Moles DR, Needleman I. A systematic review of definitions of periodontitis and methods that have been used to identify this disease. J Clin Periodontol 2009;36(6):458-67. PMID: 19508246 [DOI:10.1111/j.1600-051X.2009.01408.x]
2. Eke PI, Thornton-Evans GO, Wei L, Borgnakke WS, Dye BA. Accuracy of NHANES periodontal examination protocols. J Dent Res 2010;89(11):1208-13. PMID:20858782 [DOI:10.1177/0022034510377793]
3. Knight ET, Liu J, Seymour GJ, Faggion CM Jr, Cullinan MP. Risk factors that may modify the innate and adaptive immune responses in periodontal diseases. Periodontol 2000 2016;71(1):22-51. PMID: 27045429 [DOI:10.1111/prd.12110]
4. Hasan A, Palmer RM. A clinical guide to periodontology: pathology of periodontal disease. Br Dent J 2014;216(8):457-61. PMID: 24762896 [DOI:10.1038/sj.bdj.2014.299]
5. Amar S, Chung KM. Influence of hormonal variation on the periodontium in women. Periodontol 2000 1994;6:79-87. PMID: 9673172 [DOI:10.1111/j.1600-0757.1994.tb00028.x]
6. Tonetti MS, Van Dyke TE, Working group 1 of the joint EFPAAP workshop. Periodontitis and atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease: consensus report of the Joint EFP/AAP workshop on periodontitis and systemic diseases. J Periodontol 2013;84(4 Suppl):S24-9. PMID: 23631582 [DOI:10.1902/jop.2013.1340019]
7. Ide M, Papapanou PN. Epidemiology of association between maternal periodontal disease and adverse pregnancy outcomes--systematic review. J Clin Periodontol 2013;40(Suppl 14):S181-94. PMID: 23627328 [DOI:10.1111/jcpe.12063]
8. Madianos PN, Bobetsis YA, Offenbacher S. Adverse pregnancy outcomes (APOs) and periodontal disease: pathogenic mechanisms. J Clin Periodontol 2013;40(Suppl 14):S170-80. PMID: 23627327 [DOI:10.1111/jcpe.12082]
9. Shanthi V, Vanka A, Bhambal A, Saxena V, Saxena S, Kumar SS. Association of pregnant women periodontal status to preterm and low-birth weight babies: a systematic and evidence-based review. Dent Res J 2012;9(4):368-80. PMID: 23162575
10. Newman MG, Takei HH, Carranza FA. Carranza's clinical periodontology. 12th ed. Amsterdam, Netherlands: Elsevier Health Sciences; 2015. Link
11. Dasanayake AP. Poor periodontal health of the pregnant women as a risk factor for Low birth weight. Ann Periodontal 1998;3(1):202-12. Link [DOI:10.1902/annals.1998.3.1.206]
12. World Health Organization. Oral health surveys: basic methods. Geneva: World Health Organization; 2013. Link
13. Fanas SH, Omer SM, Jaber M, Thomas S. The periodontal treatment needs of Libyan school children in Kufra and Tobruk. J Int Acad Periodontol 20015;10(2):45-9. PMID: 18564728
14. Nahvi GH, Tolouyipoya P, Abrishami MR. Comparative study of the effect of malocclusion and other factors affecting periodontal health status during pregnancy. J Stud Res 2015;4(2):100-7. (In Persian) Link
15. Kumar PR, John J. Assessment of periodontal status among dental fluorosis subjects using community periodontal index of treatment needs. Indian J Dent Res 2011;22(2):248-51. PMID: 21891894 [DOI:10.4103/0970-9290.84297]
16. Kumar TS, Dagli RJ, Mathura A, Jain M, Balasubramanyam G, Prabu D, et al. Oral health status and practices of dentate Bhil adult tribes of southern Rajasthan, India. Int Dent J 2009;59(3):133-40. PMID: 19637521
17. Vandana KL, Reddy MS. Assessment of periodontal status in dental fluorosis subjects using community periodontal index of treatment needs. Indian J Dent Res 2007;18(2):67-71. PMID: 17502711 [DOI:10.4103/0970-9290.32423]
18. Sofola OO, Shaba OP, Jeboda SO. Oral hygiene and periodontal treatment needs of urban school children compared with that of rural school children in Lagos State. Odontostomatol Trop 2003;26(101):25-9. PMID: 12868141
19. Saneei AS, Nikbakht NA. Periodontal health status and treatment needs in Iranian adolescent population. Arch Iran Med 2005;8(4):290-4. Link
20. Torabi M, Najafi Ga, Maskani A. Evaluation of CPITN index in pregnant women Kerman 2001-2002. J Dent Sch Shahid Beheshti Univ Med Sci 2006;24(1):33-9. (In Persian) Link
21. Kitagawa M, Kurahashi T, Matsukubo T. Relationship between general health, lifestyle, oral health, and periodontal disease in adults: a large cross-sectional study in Japan. Bull Tokyo Dent Coll 2017;58(1):1-8. PMID: 28381729 [DOI:10.2209/tdcpublication.2016-2100]
22. Fernandes Jacomossi Sr AC. Relationship between visceral obesity and periodontal disease in women. Diabetes 2010;68:133-40. Link
23. Dhaifullah E, Al-Maweri SA, Koppolu P, Elkhtat E, Mostafa D, Mahgoub M. Body mass index and periodontal health status among young Saudi adults: a cross-sectional study. Ann Saudi Med 2019;39(6):433-40. PMID: 31804133 [DOI:10.5144/0256-4947.2019.433]
24. Baiju RM, Peter E, Nayar BR, Varughese JM, Varghese NO. Prevalence and predictors of early periodontal disease among adolescents. J Indian Soc Periodontol 2019;23(4):356-61. PMID: 31367134 [DOI:10.4103/jisp.jisp_512_18]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:
CAPTCHA

Send email to the article author


Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

© 2024 CC BY-NC 4.0 | Qom University of Medical Sciences Journal

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb