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Qom Univ Med Sci J 2021, 14(12): 70-80 Back to browse issues page
The Relationship between Health Literacy of Elderly Diabetics and Adherence to Treatment, Babol, Iran, 2021
Abdollah Goli Roshan1 , Seyedeh Navabeh Hosseinkhani * 2, Reza Norouzadeh3
1- Master of Geriatric Nursing, Nursing and Midwifery Faculty, Shahed University, Tehran, Iran.
2- Lecturer, Nursing and Midwifery Faculty, Shahed University, Tehran, Iran. , navabehhosseinkhani@yahoo.com
3- Assistant Professor, Nursing and MidwiferyFaculty, Shahed University, Tehran, Iran.
Abstract:   (1524 Views)
Background and Objectives: Non-adherence to treatment in elderly diabetics is associated with several problems. Existing studies have been less addressed the dimensions of treatment adherence in this population. This study examines the relationship between health literacy of elderly diabetics and adherence to treatment.
Methods: This descriptive-analytical study was conducted among 375 randomly selected elderly members of Babol Diabetes Association. Data collection instruments included demographic sheet, abbreviated mental test score, and questionnaires for health literacy of Iranian adults and treatment adherence. The data were analyzed by Chi-square, Pearson correlation coefficient, and regression test using version 22 of SPSS software.
Results: A significant correlation was found between health literacy and gender (P = 0.003). The level of health literacy was higher among the highly educated male elderly (P <0.001) as well as among employees and retirees (P = 0.003). The people over the age of 70 had lower health literacy (P = 0.004). There was no significant relationship between health literacy and marital status (P = 0.14) as well as health literacy and duration of illness (P = 0.19). The treatment adherence was above-average in 99.2% of the elderly. There was a significant relationship between health literacy and adherence to treatment (P <0.001, r = 0.21). The regression analysis also showed that the rate of adherence to treatment increased with improvement in health literacy.(P <0.001, β=0.08).
Conclusion: This study shows that health literacy of the elderly is closely related to treatment adherence. Researchers believe that disease management would be better by improving health literacy in elderly diabetics.
Keywords: Health literacy, elderly, adherence to treatment, diabetes Mellitus
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Type of Study: Original Article | Subject: پرستاری-جراحی-ویژه-کودکان
Received: 2021/02/26 | Accepted: 2021/04/11 | Published: 2021/02/28
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Goli Roshan A, Hosseinkhani S N, Norouzadeh R. The Relationship between Health Literacy of Elderly Diabetics and Adherence to Treatment, Babol, Iran, 2021. Qom Univ Med Sci J 2021; 14 (12) :70-80
URL: http://journal.muq.ac.ir/article-1-3076-en.html

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Volume 14, Issue 12 (February 2021) Back to browse issues page
مجله دانشگاه علوم پزشکی قم Qom University of Medical Sciences Journal
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