Volume 11, Issue 4 ( June 2017)                   Qom Univ Med Sci J 2017, 11(4): 32-42 | Back to browse issues page

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Zeighami Mohammadi S, Danesh E, Farmani P, Shakoor M, Fahidy F, Mohseni B et al . Correlation between Type D Personality and Adherence to Low-Sodium Diet in Patients with Systolic Heart Failure. Qom Univ Med Sci J 2017; 11 (4) :32-42
URL: http://journal.muq.ac.ir/article-1-735-en.html
1- Department of Nursing, Karaj Branch, Islamic Azad University, Karaj, Iran , zeighami@kiau.ac.ir
2- Department of Clinical Psychology, Karaj Branch, Islamic Azad University, Karaj, Iran.
3- Alborz Social Security Hospital, Karaj, Iran
4- Shahriar Social Security Hospital, Shahriar, Iran.
Abstract:   (6217 Views)

Background and Objectives: Adherence to low-sodium diet is an important aspect of self-care behaviors, which plays a role in improving the quality of life, and in reducing readmission rate, mortality, and healthcare costs. This study aimed to investigate the correlation between type D personality and adherence to low-sodium diet in patients with systolic heart failure.

Methods: This descriptive-correlational study was conducted on 100 patients with heart failure with at least one year history and ejection fraction below 40% hospitalized in the internal ward of Alborz Social Security Hospitals of Karaj and Shahriar in 2013, who were selected by convenience sampling. Demographic characteristics form, type-D personality questionnaire, and adherence to low-sodium diet, were completed by interview. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, and Pearson correlation coefficient.

Results: In this study, there was a poor significant positive correlation between adherence to low-sodium diet and dimensions of depression/anxiety (p=0.032), social inhibition (p=0.008), and total score of type D personality (p=0.023).

Conclusion: The results of this study showed that heart failure patients with type D personality had lower adherence to low-sodium diet. Hence, screening and evaluation of heart failure patients in terms of type D personality, referring patients for consultation, and use of appropriate therapies, can help to improve adherence to low-sodium diet and quality of life in heart failure patients.

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Type of Study: Original Article | Subject: بیماریهای قلب
Received: 2016/04/17 | Accepted: 2016/06/1 | Published: 2017/06/13

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