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Qom Univ Med Sci J 2020, 14(4): 66-74 Back to browse issues page
Faunistic Study of Scorpions (Arachnida: Scorpiones) in Qaenat County in Iran in 2017
Farzad Motevalli Haghi 1, Hossein Borna2 , Rouhullah Dehghani3 , Mahmoud Fazeli-Dinan2 , Jamshid Yazdani-Cherati4 , Omid Dehghan2 , Farzaneh Sahraei-Rostami2 , Seyed Hassan Nikookar5
1- Department of Medical Entomology and Vector Control, Faculty of Public Health, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences , farzad_haghi@yahoo.com
2- Department of Medical Entomology and Vector Control, Faculty of Public Health, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences
3- Department of Environment Health, Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Faculty of Public Health, Kashan University of Medical Sciences
4- Department of Biostatistics, Health Sciences Research Center, Faculty of Public Health, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences
5- Health Sciences Research Center, Addiction Institute, Faculty of Public Health, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences
Abstract:   (1344 Views)
Background and Objectives: Scorpion’s sting has created one of the most significant health and medical issues in Iran. Lack of sufficient knowledge of the fauna and the seasonal activity of scorpions in an area poses a serious challenge to the control programs. Each year, several cases of scorpion sting are reported in Qaenat county. In this regard, the present study aimed to identify and determine the fauna and scorpions of this region.
Methods: This descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted on the scorpions that were caught using Ultra-Violet (UV) light, pitfall traps, and hand-catching methods every month in Qaenat City in South Khorasan Province in Iran during 2017. After their capture, the scorpions were stored in plastic containers of glycerin and 70% ethanol and were identified using a valid morphological key.
Results: A total of 912 scorpion specimens from the buthidae family were collected, including six species of Mesobuthus eupeus, Androctonus crassicauda, Orthochirus scrobiculosus, Compsobuthus matthiesseni, Mesobuthus caucasicus, and Odontobuthus doriae. M. eupeus and O. doriae had the highest (60.96%) and lowest (0.88%) frequencies, respectively. Moreover, most of the scorpions were collected in December in rural areas, while the least number of them were collected in May.
Conclusion: Due to the diversity of scorpion species in the studies region, it is essential to educate and raise the awareness of individuals living in this region about methods of preventing scorpion stings.
Keywords: Arachnida, Fauna, Iran, Scorpions, South Khorasan
Full-Text [PDF 1039 kb]   (293 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original Article | Subject: بهداشت محیط
Received: 2020/04/20 | Accepted: 2020/06/24 | Published: 2020/06/30
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Motevalli Haghi F, Borna H, Dehghani R, Fazeli-Dinan M, Yazdani-Cherati J, Dehghan O, et al . Faunistic Study of Scorpions (Arachnida: Scorpiones) in Qaenat County in Iran in 2017. Qom Univ Med Sci J. 2020; 14 (4) :66-74
URL: http://journal.muq.ac.ir/article-1-2797-en.html

Volume 14, Issue 4 (June 2020) Back to browse issues page
مجله دانشگاه علوم پزشکی قم Qom University of Medical Sciences Journal
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