[Home ] [Archive]   [ فارسی ]  
:: ::
:: Volume 14, Issue 4 (June 2020) ::
Qom Univ Med Sci J 2020, 14(4): 66-74 Back to browse issues page
Faunistic Study of Scorpions (Arachnida: Scorpiones) in Qaenat County in Iran in 2017
Farzad Motevalli Haghi 1, Hossein Borna2 , Rouhullah Dehghani3 , Mahmoud Fazeli-Dinan2 , Jamshid Yazdani-Cherati4 , Omid Dehghan2 , Farzaneh Sahraei-Rostami2 , Seyed Hassan Nikookar5
1- Department of Medical Entomology and Vector Control, Faculty of Public Health, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences , farzad_haghi@yahoo.com
2- Department of Medical Entomology and Vector Control, Faculty of Public Health, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences
3- Department of Environment Health, Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Faculty of Public Health, Kashan University of Medical Sciences
4- Department of Biostatistics, Health Sciences Research Center, Faculty of Public Health, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences
5- Health Sciences Research Center, Addiction Institute, Faculty of Public Health, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences
Abstract:   (1344 Views)
Background and Objectives: Scorpion’s sting has created one of the most significant health and medical issues in Iran. Lack of sufficient knowledge of the fauna and the seasonal activity of scorpions in an area poses a serious challenge to the control programs. Each year, several cases of scorpion sting are reported in Qaenat county. In this regard, the present study aimed to identify and determine the fauna and scorpions of this region.
 
Methods: This descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted on the scorpions that were caught using Ultra-Violet (UV) light, pitfall traps, and hand-catching methods every month in Qaenat City in South Khorasan Province in Iran during 2017. After their capture, the scorpions were stored in plastic containers of glycerin and 70% ethanol and were identified using a valid morphological key.
 
Results: A total of 912 scorpion specimens from the buthidae family were collected, including six species of Mesobuthus eupeus, Androctonus crassicauda, Orthochirus scrobiculosus, Compsobuthus matthiesseni, Mesobuthus caucasicus, and Odontobuthus doriae. M. eupeus and O. doriae had the highest (60.96%) and lowest (0.88%) frequencies, respectively. Moreover, most of the scorpions were collected in December in rural areas, while the least number of them were collected in May.
 
Conclusion: Due to the diversity of scorpion species in the studies region, it is essential to educate and raise the awareness of individuals living in this region about methods of preventing scorpion stings.
 
Keywords: Arachnida, Fauna, Iran, Scorpions, South Khorasan
Full-Text [PDF 1039 kb]   (293 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original Article | Subject: بهداشت محیط
Received: 2020/04/20 | Accepted: 2020/06/24 | Published: 2020/06/30
References
1. Keegan HL. Scorpions of medical importance. Mississippi: University Press of Mississippi; 1980. Link
2. Nazari M, Bahrami D, Davari B, Salehzadeh A. Epidemiological survey of scorpion sting cases and identification of scorpion fauna in Hamadan city, Iran (2013). Avicenna J Clin Med 2015;22(3):255-62. Link
3. Mirshamsi O, Sari A, Hosseinie S. History of study and checklist of the scorpion fauna (Arachnida: Scorpiones) of Iran. Progr Biol Sci 2011;1(2):16-28. Link
4. Mortazavi MS. Clinical study of scorpion sting with emphasis on hesitating serotherapy. J Sabzevar Univ Med Sci 2004;10(4):70-5. Link
5. Chippaux JP. Emerging options for the management of scorpion stings. Drug Des Devel Ther 2012; 6:165-73. PMID: 22826633 [DOI:10.2147/DDDT.S24754]
6. Mokhayeri H, Taherian SM, Kayedi MH, Navidpour SH, Chegeni-Sharafi A, Saki M. Scorpion species in trackless areas of Aligudarz and Sepiddasht Counties in Luristan Province in 2013. J Prev Med 2014;1(1):46-50. Link
7. Dehghani R, Rastegar Pouyani N, Dadpour B, Keyler D, Panjehshahi M, Jazayeri M, et al. A survey on non-venomous snakes in Kashan (Central Iran). J Biol Today World 2016;5(4):65-75. Link [DOI:10.15412/J.JBTW.01050402]
8. Dehghani R, Sharif A, Madani M, Kashani HH, Sharif MR. Factors influencing animal bites in Iran: a descriptive study. Osong Public Health Res Perspect 2016;7(4):273-7. PMID: 27635378 [DOI:10.1016/j.phrp.2016.06.004]
9. Ghafourian M, Ganjalikhanhakemi N, Hemmati AA, Dehghani R, Kooti W. The effect of Hemiscorpius lepturus (Scorpionida: Hemiscorpiidae) venom on leukocytes and the leukocyte subgroups in peripheral blood of rat. J Arthropod Borne Dis 2016;10(2):159-67. PMID: 27308274
10. Williams S. Scorpion bionomics. Annu Rev Entomol 1987;32(1):275-95. PMID: 3545055 [DOI:10.1146/annurev.en.32.010187.001423]
11. World Health Organization. Rabies and envenomings: a neglected public health issue: report of a consultative meeting. Geneva: World Health Organization; 2007. Link
12. Kassiri H, Teimouri A, Shemshad M, Sharifinia N, Shemshad K. Epidemiological survey and clinical presentation on scorpionism in south-west of Iran. Middle East J Sci Res 2012;12(3):325-30. Link
13. Dehghani R, Fathi B. Scorpion sting in Iran: a review. Toxicon 2012;60(5):919-33. PMID: 22750221 [DOI:10.1016/j.toxicon.2012.06.002]
14. Nejati J, Saghafipour A, Mozaffari E, Keyhani A, Jesri N. Scorpions and scorpionism in Iran's central desert. Acta Trop 2017;166:293-8. PMID: 27923555 [DOI:10.1016/j.actatropica.2016.12.003]
15. Dehghani R, Haghi FM, Mogaddam MY, Sedaghat M, Hajati H. Review study of scorpion classification in Iran. J Entomol Zool Stud 2016;4(5):440-4. Link
16. Dehghani R, Mazaheri Tehrani A, Ghadami F, Hossein Sanaei-Zadeh H. Methods for collecting and capturing scorpions: a review. Res Rev J Zool Sci 2016;4(3):65-72. Link
17. Dehghani R, Valaie N. Classification of scorpions and their diagnostic clue. J Feyz 2005;8(4):73-92. Link
18. Farzanpay R. Knowing scorpions. Tehran: University Publication; 1987. Link
19. Motevalli Haghi F, Dehghani R. A review of scorpions reported in Iran. J Mazandaran Univ Med Sci 2017;27(151):213-26. Link
20. Mullen GR, Sissom WD. Scorpions (Scorpiones). Medical and veterinary entomology. Massachusetts: Academic Press; 2019. P. 489-504. Link [DOI:10.1016/B978-0-12-814043-7.00023-6]
21. Motevalli Haghi F, Mogaddam MY, Enayati AA, Dehghani R, Fazeli-Dinan M. Biodiversity species and ecological distribution of scorpions in the city of Darmian, Southern Khorasan, Iran. Iran J Health Sci 2018;6(4):10-21. Link [DOI:10.18502/jhs.v6i4.200]
22. Ramezani Avval Riabi H, Matlabi M, Rafinejad J, Amiri M. The ecofaunistics of scorpions in Gonabad. Horizon Med Sci 2010;15(4):54-61. Link
23. Shahi M, Azizi K, Ansarian N. Study on scorpions fauna in high risk area of Hormozgan province, 2006-7. Hormozgan Med J 2009;12(4):207-14. Link
24. Dehghani R, Bigdelli S. Surveying the habitats on Hemiscorpius lepturus scorpion in Khuzestan province (Scorpionida-Scorpionidae). Pajouhesh Sazandegi 2008;20(2):81-7. Link
25. Dehghani R, Valaei N. Scorpion bite in Iran: review of the literature. J Feyz 2005;9(1):66-84. Link
26. de Souza AM, Neto PD, de Araujo Lira AF, de Albuquerque CM. Growth and developmental time in the parthenogenetic scorpion Tityus stigmurus (Thorell, 1876) (Scorpiones: Buthidae). Acta Sci Biol Sci 2016;38(1):85-90. Link [DOI:10.4025/actascibiolsci.v38i1.28235]
Send email to the article author

Add your comments about this article
Your username or Email:

CAPTCHA



XML   Persian Abstract   Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Motevalli Haghi F, Borna H, Dehghani R, Fazeli-Dinan M, Yazdani-Cherati J, Dehghan O, et al . Faunistic Study of Scorpions (Arachnida: Scorpiones) in Qaenat County in Iran in 2017. Qom Univ Med Sci J. 2020; 14 (4) :66-74
URL: http://journal.muq.ac.ir/article-1-2797-en.html


Volume 14, Issue 4 (June 2020) Back to browse issues page
مجله دانشگاه علوم پزشکی قم Qom University of Medical Sciences Journal
Persian site map - English site map - Created in 0.07 seconds with 30 queries by YEKTAWEB 4299