Volume 14, Issue 5 (July 2020)                   Qom Univ Med Sci J 2020, 14(5): 69-78 | Back to browse issues page


XML Persian Abstract Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Taheri F. Work-family Enrichment and Psychological Capital: Investigation of the Mediating Role of Stress Vulnerability. Qom Univ Med Sci J 2020; 14 (5) :69-78
URL: http://journal.muq.ac.ir/article-1-2878-en.html
Public Administration Group, School of Management and Accounting, Farabi Campus, University of Tehran, Qom, Iran. , f_taheri@ut.ac.ir
Abstract:   (2074 Views)
Background and Objectives: Work-family enrichment is based on the assumption that work and family are interdependent since the gained experiences, skills, and opportunities from the workplace, improve an individual's family life. On the other hand, a positive mood and behavior and a sense of achievement in personal life affect one's performance in the workplace. This study aimed to investigate the effect of work-family enrichment on psychological capital by considering the mediating role of vulnerability to stress.
 
Methods: The present descriptive-correlational study was performed on 482 employees of Qom University of Medical Sciences, Qom, Iran, 2019. Data collection tools were three standard questionnaires, namely work-family enrichment, psychological capital, and vulnerability to stress. To evaluate the conceptual model of the research structural equation modeling technique was used.
 
Results: The effect of work-family enrichment and family-work enrichment on vulnerability to stress were estimated (P=0.146 and P=0.531, respectively), indicating that both relationships were inverse and significant (P˂0.01). It was also revealed that the direct effects of work-family enrichment and family-work enrichment on psychological capital were positive and significant (P=0.339 and P=0.334, respectively). Moreover, the results of the Sobel test, which was applied to calculate the indirect effect, showed that vulnerability to stress plays a partial mediating role in work-family enrichment and family-work enrichment.
 
Conclusion: It was revealed that work-family enrichment and family-work enrichment affect employees' psychological capital directly and influence it indirectly through stress vulnerability. Regarding this, organizations should seek to implement strategies to create a constructive interaction between the employees' work and personal life and manage the stress to promote their psychological capital.
 
Full-Text [PDF 1028 kb]   (682 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original Article | Subject: بهداشت عمومی
Received: 2020/07/20 | Accepted: 2020/09/2 | Published: 2020/07/31

References
1. 1. Bonebright CA, Clay DL, Ankenmann RD. The relationship of workaholism with work-life conflict, life satisfaction, and purpose in life. J Counsel Psychol 2000;47(4):469. Link [DOI:10.1037/0022-0167.47.4.469]
2. Fondas N. Your work-life balance should be your company's problem. Massachusetts: Harvard Business Review; 2014. Link
3. Guest DE. Perspectives on the study of work-life balance. Soc Sci Inform 2002;41(2):255-79. Link [DOI:10.1177/0539018402041002005]
4. Crompton R, Lyonette C. Work-life 'balance' in Europe. Acta Sociol 2006;49(4):379-93. Link [DOI:10.1177/0001699306071680]
5. Jiang H, Men RL. Creating an engaged workforce: the impact of authentic leadership, transparent organizational communication, and work-life enrichment. Communic Res 2017;44(2):225-43. Link [DOI:10.1177/0093650215613137]
6. Greenhaus JH, Powell GN. When work and family are allies: a theory of work-family enrichment. Acad Manag Rev 2006;31(1):72-92. Link [DOI:10.5465/amr.2006.19379625]
7. Carlson DS, Kacmar KM, Wayne JH, Grzywacz JG. Measuring the positive side of the work-family interface: Development and validation of a work-family enrichment scale. J Vocational Behav 2006;68(1):131-64. Link [DOI:10.1016/j.jvb.2005.02.002]
8. Ebner K, Singewald N. Individual differences in stress susceptibility and stress inhibitory mechanisms. Curr Opin Behav Sci 2017;1(14):54-64. Link [DOI:10.1016/j.cobeha.2016.11.016]
9. McNall LA, Nicklin JM, Masuda AD. A meta-analytic review of the consequences associated with work-family enrichment. J Busin Psychol 2010;25(3):381-96. Link [DOI:10.1007/s10869-009-9141-1]
10. Carlson DS, Kacmar KM, Zivnuska S, Ferguson M. Do the benefits of family-to-work transitions come at too great a cost? J Occup Health Psychol 2015;20(2):161-71. PMID: 25365628 [DOI:10.1037/a0038279]
11. Van Steenbergen EF, Ellemers N, Mooijaart A. How work and family can facilitate each other: Distinct types of work-family facilitation and outcomes for women and men. J Occup Health Psychol 2007; 12(3):279-300. PMID: 17638494 [DOI:10.1037/1076-8998.12.3.279]
12. Demerouti E, van Eeuwijk E, Snelder M, Wild U. Assessing the effects of a "personal effectiveness" training on psychological capital, assertiveness and self‐awareness using self‐other agreement. Career Dev Int 2011;16(1):60-81. Link [DOI:10.1108/13620431111107810]
13. Mishra P, Bhatnagar J, Gupta R, Wadsworth SM. How work-family enrichment influence innovative work behavior: Role of psychological capital and supervisory support. J Manag Organ 2017;23:1-23. Link [DOI:10.1017/jmo.2017.23]
14. Liu L, Chang Y, Fu J, Wang J, Wang L. The mediating role of psychological capital on the association between occupational stress and depressive symptoms among Chinese physicians: a cross-sectional study. BMC Public Health 2012;12(1):219. PMID: 22436106 [DOI:10.1186/1471-2458-12-219]
15. Patrick CJ, Curtin JJ, Tellegen A. Development and validation of a brief form of the Multidimensional Personality Questionnaire. Psychol Assess 2002;14(2):150-63. PMID: 12056077 [DOI:10.1037/1040-3590.14.2.150]
16. Caza A, Bagozzi RP, Woolley L, Levy L, Caza BB. Psychological capital and authentic leadership. Asia Pac J Busin Administrat 2010;2(1):53-70. Link [DOI:10.1108/17574321011028972]
17. Luthans F, Youssef CM, Avolio BJ. Psychological capital: investing and developing positive organizational behavior. Positive Organ Behav 2007;1(2):9-24. Link [DOI:10.4135/9781446212752.n2]
18. Baldwin JN, Farley QA. Comparing the public and private sectors in the United States. New York: Printed in The United States of America; 2001. P. 119. Link
19. Steel BS, Warner RL. Job satisfaction among early labor force participants: unexpected outcomes in public and private sector comparisons. Rev Public Pers Administrat 1990;10(3):4-22. Link [DOI:10.1177/0734371X9001000302]
20. Taheri F, Jami Pour M, Asarian M. An exploratory study of subjective well-being in organizations-A mixed method research approach. J Hum Behav Soc Environ 2019;29(4):435-54. Link [DOI:10.1080/10911359.2018.1547671]
21. Roberts SJ, Scherer LL, Bowyer CJ. Job stress and incivility: what role does psychological capital play? J Leadership Organ Stud 2011;18(4):449-58. Link [DOI:10.1177/1548051811409044]
22. Mensah J, Amponsah-Tawiah K. Mitigating occupational stress: the role of psychological capital. J Workplace Behav Health 2016;31(4):189-203. Link [DOI:10.1080/15555240.2016.1198701]
23. Terry DJ, Nielsen M, Perchard L. Effects of work stress on psychological well‐being and job satisfaction: the stress‐buffering role of social support. Austral J Psychol 1993;45(3):168-75. Link [DOI:10.1080/00049539308259135]
24. Coakes E, Smith PA. Supporting innovation: communities of practice and change. J Knowl Manag Pract 2007;8(S1):3. Link
25. Jaga A, Bagraim J. The relationship between work-family enrichment and work-family satisfaction outcomes. South Afr J Psychol 2011;41(1):52-62. Link [DOI:10.1177/008124631104100106]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:
CAPTCHA

Send email to the article author


Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

© 2024 CC BY-NC 4.0 | Qom University of Medical Sciences Journal

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb