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Qom Univ Med Sci J 2015, 9(7): 55-64 Back to browse issues page
Evaluation of Health Action Process Approach in Explaining Healthy Diet among the Patients with Type 2 Diabetes
Hossein Rohani1, Ahmad Ali Eslami 2, Mahdi Raei3, Tohid Jafari Koshki4, Arsalan Ghaderi5
1- Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
2- Isfahan University of Medical Sciences , eslamiaa@gmail.com
3- Qom University of Medical Sciences
4- Sabzevar University of Medical Sciences
5- Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences
Abstract:   (5024 Views)

Background and Objectives: Over the last two decades, the prevalence of type2 diabetes (T2DM) has more than doubled worldwide. Researches have shown that with changes in lifestyle, especially diet, the incidence of complications of diabetes could be reduced. Understanding the beliefs of diabetic patients can result in more effective interventions to change their lifestyle. This study was performed to evaluate the health action process approach (HAPA) for explaining healthy dietary behavior in diabetics.

Methods:The current study was conducted as a descriptive study according to the HAPA. Data were collected by psychometric scales administered to 141 diabetics living in Isfahan city. The studied constructs were intention, outcome expectancies, risk perception, action self-efficacy, action and coping planning, maintenance self-efficacy, and dietary style. Structural equation modeling was used to analyze the data.

Results:The results of structural equation modeling revealed that the health action process approach adequately fits with the dietary behaviors in diabeticpatients. Action self-efficacy construct was the best predictor of intention. Action planning mediated the effect of intention on action behavior. The results indicated that action planning β)=0.019, p<0.009 (and maintenance self-efficacy β)=0.044, p<0.01 (were the constructsthat significantly predicted behavior.

Conclusion: According to the results, the health action process approach can be used as a framework for interventions promoting dietary behaviors among type 2 diabetics.

Keywords: Diabetes mellitus, Diet, Life Style, Health, Evaluation studies as a topic
Full-Text [PDF 375 kb]   (1152 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original Article |
Received: 2016/02/23 | Accepted: 2016/02/23 | Published: 2016/02/23
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Rohani H, Eslami A A, Raei M, Jafari Koshki T, Ghaderi A. Evaluation of Health Action Process Approach in Explaining Healthy Diet among the Patients with Type 2 Diabetes. Qom Univ Med Sci J. 2015; 9 (7) :55-64
URL: http://journal.muq.ac.ir/article-1-325-en.html


Volume 9, Issue 7 (9-2015) Back to browse issues page
مجله دانشگاه علوم پزشکی قم Qom University of Medical Sciences Journal
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