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Qom Univ Med Sci J 2016, 10(4): 48-57 Back to browse issues page
Analysis of Self-care Behaviors and Its Related Factors among Diabetic Patients
Babak Moeini1, Parvaneh Taymoori2, Saeedeh Haji Maghsoudi3, Maryam Afshari 4, Seyede Melika Kharghani Moghaddam3, Fahimeh Bagheri3, Kheirolah Moradi3, Javad Zavar Chahar Tagh5
1- Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan
2- 2Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj
3- Faculty of Public Health, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan
4- Faculty of Public Health, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan , afshari_m20@yahoo.com
5- Health Center of Tuyserkan, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan
Abstract:   (5638 Views)

Background and Objectives: Diabetes is one of the most common health problems with remarkable outcomes. Treatment and management of diabetes is mainly related to self-care status. This study aimed to analyzing self-care behaviors and its related factors in diabetic patients.

Methods: In this descriptive study, 131 diabetic patients referred to the Tuyserkan Diabetes Clinic in 2014, were studied by census method. Self-care behaviors data were collected by self-care scale of Toobert and Glasgow. Background information of diabetic patients, were investigated using pre-designed checklists based on forms in patients` records. Data were analyzed using Mann-Whitney, Kruskal-Wallis, and Spearman’s correlation coefficient tests. The significance level was considered to be 5%.

Results: Out of total 131 diabetic patients, 66 persons (50.4%) were male and 65 persons (49.6%) were female. Their mean age was 51.8 years. Eight patients had heart disease complications. The mean self-care scores of the patients was 25.6 and was indicative of average level of self-care. Self-care behaviors were significantly associated with education level, employment status, type of treatment, and body mass index. There was a significant relationship between self-care components (including diet, physical activity, blood glucose testing and foot care).

Conclusion: Considering the self-care status of patients and the importance of self-care training for diabetics, more attention should be paid to self-care in diabetic patients in health education and health promotion programs.

Keywords: Self-care, Diabetes mellitus, Health education, Health promotion.
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Type of Study: Original Article |
Received: 2016/06/15 | Accepted: 2016/06/15 | Published: 2016/06/15
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Moeini B, Taymoori P, Haji Maghsoudi S, Afshari M, Kharghani Moghaddam S M, Bagheri F, et al . Analysis of Self-care Behaviors and Its Related Factors among Diabetic Patients. Qom Univ Med Sci J. 2016; 10 (4) :48-57
URL: http://journal.muq.ac.ir/article-1-929-en.html


Volume 10, Issue 4 (June 2016 2016) Back to browse issues page
مجله دانشگاه علوم پزشکی قم Qom University of Medical Sciences Journal
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